Motor behavior as a scientific field: A view from the start of the 21st Century
At the start of the 21st century, the study of motor behavior is a mature and vibrant scientific field. In this paper, we describe the development of this field by tracing the history of its sub-areas: motor control, motor learning, and motor development. Our understanding of how humans control and coordinate their multi-segmented body in an ever changing environment across the lifespan has grown and matured enormously over the last 100 years. Today, these three sub-areas are converging as our scientific questions build upon the foundations laid by scientists in each of these areas. We end our paper by considering the future in this field and the challenges facing motor behavior scientists in this new century.
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